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Raw Materials

With a century of experience in sourcing raw material through scientific research & development and sustainable mining, Tata long-term strategy has been designed to have greater control over raw material resources and achieve its security across global operations.

Responsible mining as a policy is the single most important reason for the growth and prosperity of the Company for over a century. The Company’s Raw Materials operations in India are mainly spread in three broad areas - iron-ore, chromite and coal. The chromite and manganese mines and their operations have been amalgamated under the 'Ferro Alloys & Minerals Division' that acts as a separate profit centre. Iron-ore and coal being the two key raw materials for steel making, efficient and scientific mining operations give the Company a competitive edge in steel production.


The Global Minerals Group was formed with a small team within Tata Steel with a clear mandate to scan the world mineral map and identify assets in steel-making raw material - Iron Ore, Coal, Limestone, etc. The Group follows a systemic review of geology and resource base and business inputs to look for opportunities that are beneficial to and in line with Tata Steel’s strategy and business focus.


Iron Ore and Coal


Iron Ore & Coal Ever since the discovery of the mineral in 1903, Iron ore mining has become an integral part of steel making at Tata Steel. The iron ore units are located in Noamundi, Joda and Katamati in the states of Jharkhand and Odisha. The Steel Company's iron ore units produce various grades of high quality iron ore including rich blue dust ore. Operations at the mines, including services are managed by Integrated Management Systems.


Tata Steel has captive coal mines at Jharia & West Bokaro, in the state of Jharkhand, located within 200km from Jamshedpur. While West Bokaro unit is an open cast mine, the Jharia unit is underground. Tata Steel's collieries use 'Surpac', a state-of-the-art mine planning software that estimates the volume of coal in every seam and details output consistency. Post the mining activities the coal is beneficiated and supplied as ‘clean coal’ to CSI division for coke making. To meet its business excellence objectives, the Company’s collieries are constantly endeavouring to improve mine productivity, reduce ash content, improve washery yield and make the operation safe and environment friendly.


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